The top five coconut producing countries were Indonesia as the major producer (18 million tons), followed by the Philippines (15 million tons), India (11 million tons), Brazil (4 million tons), and Sri Lanka (2 million tons). The oldest known land plants in the fossil record are Ordovician to Silurian. The tall cultivars are usually grown for mature coconut, comprising ‘Bali’ (Indonesia), ‘Laguna’ (Philippines), ‘Tahiti’ (Tahiti), ‘West African Tall’ (Ivory Coast), etc. The palm produces an average of about 12 leaves annually. Figure 9.1. Packaged coconut water products marketed in developing countries. Figure 7.6. The fruit is an important oilseed source, especially in many developing countries, such as the Philippines, Sri Lanka, India, Malaysia, parts of West Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean. The trees are tall, reaching up to 30 m in height, with a slender, often curved trunk. Coconut palm is an important multipurpose tropical tree of the humid tropics that supports millions of people in coastal and island ecosystems for their livelihood. The term coconut can refer to the whole coconut palm or the seed, or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut. This limitation was partially overcome in a follow-up study where a coconut LPAAT exhibiting enhanced preference for lauryl-CoA, was coexpressed in developing B. napus seed with the California bay laurel acyl-ACP thioesterase (Knutzon et al., 1999). Cocos nucifera : Other Source(s): Source: Arecaceae of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Cocos nucifera : Source: Coconut Palm Tree Plant, Malayan Dwarf, Green, 2 feet, No Ship to CA, TX, AZ. Figure 7.3. Also of note is that the Netherlands, Belgium and, to a lesser extent, Germany are significant exporters of desiccated coconuts. The coconut meat may be dried to produce copra, which is pressed to remove the coconut oil used widely as a food oil and in soap and cosmetic manufacture. Cocos nucifera is an unbranched monoecious plant of the PALMAE family. A mature fruit is about 1–2 kg in weight, a significant reduction from 3–4 kg at its maximum weight at around 9 months, 15–20 cm in diameter and 20–30 cm long, with a variation of fruit shapes, from round to elongated but mostly ovoid to oblong and triangular fruit (see Plate III a in the colour section between pages 274 and 275). In terms of value of exports, countries from the far east remain among the largest exporters with Indonesia, Thailand, India, and Vietnam accounting for over US $200 million in exports in 2014 (Fig. Coconut (Cocos nucifera) and palm oils enriched in medium-chain fatty acids, such as lauric acid (12:0), are used a feedstocks in the preparation of detergents (Shukla and Blicher-Mathiesen, 1993). 7.3). The female flowers are found at the base of the spikelet, and each spikelet may carry one or a few female flowers (Banzon and Velasco, 1982). Scientific name: Cocos nucifera Pronunciation: KOE-koase noo-SIFF-er-uh Common name(s): Coconut Palm Family: Arecaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Fig. McVetty, ... Randall J. Weselake, in, Coconut Biodiversity – Nature’s Gift to the Tropical Islands, Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands, J. Siriphanich, ... S. Tongchitpakdee, in, Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits: Cocona to Mango, Case study: application of appropriate technologies to improve the quality and safety of coconut water, Food Safety and Quality Systems in Developing Countries, Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition (Third Edition). Coconut flesh is high in fat and can be dried or eaten fresh. Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera,2n = 32), a member of genus Cocos and family Arecaceae (Palmaceae), is an important tropical fruit and oil crop. C. nucifera palms are unbranched, monoecious trees with smooth, columnar, light grey-brown trunk, usually 9-18 m height and sometimes taller (up to 30 m); dwarf selections also exist. Indonesia, Philippines, India, and Sri Lanka are the major coconut-producing countries. Female flowers supported by broad bracteoles, sepals 3, petals 3, imbricate, ovary 3-celled but only one carpel develops into the fruit. Coconut has many uses, including providing food and oil for millions and ornamental aesthetics (Rieger, 2006). The fruit, in the form of a nut (Fig. Put the nut on a solid underground and hit it firmly on its side. Coconut, cocus nucifera, is a monoecious large palm of about 30 m tall with long pinnate leaves that break away cleanly leaving the unbranched trunk smooth. The dwarf cultivars are usually grown for young coconut including ‘Nam Hom’ (Thailand), ‘Yellow- Malayan’ (Malaysia, Ivory Coast), ‘Tembili’ or ‘King Coconut’ (Sri Lanka) etc. The inflorescence develops within a strong, tough pointed double sheath called spathe. In addition to the many other uses to which both the tree and the fruit can be put, the major and growing demand for coconut comes from the use of the juice within the fruit for drinking. Tock Hing Chua, in World Crop Pests, 1997. The word coco is a 16th century Portuguese and Spanish word for “head” or “skull,” inspired by the three indentations on the coconut shell that resembles the face of a ghost. Cocos Nucifera is a low maintenance palm in that it is self pruning. Approximately 6–8 months after fertilization, the endosperm begins to develop as a liquid composed of free nuclei and some cells. Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, 1753 - coconut palm in Florida, USA. The root system of coconut is fibrous. Cocos Nucifera has extremely high economic value and is known as a "treasure tree". Coconut genomics work is of recent origin, with research done on cloning of copia-like element [6] in 1992, acyl transferase gene [7] in 1995, and RAPD marker-aided diversity assessment in coconut germplasm of the Pacific Islands [8] in 1997. A crown of large pinnate leaves tops the trunk, which is characteristically unbranched. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Cocos Nucifera/coconut Palm Tree//whatsapp + 84-845-639-639 , Find Complete Details about Cocos Nucifera/coconut Palm Tree//whatsapp + 84-845-639-639,Coconut Palm Tree,Cocos Nucifera,Zaailing Kokospalm from Aquatic Plants Supplier or Manufacturer-VIET D.E.L.T.A INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD Coconut production share (A) and growth rate by region (B). $29.99 $ 29. Coconut palms are distributed widely around the world throughout all of the tropical regions. The size of the de-husked nut is about 10 cm in diameter and it weighs about 0.5 kg on average (Child, 1974; Grimwood, 1975; Ohler, 1984). The tall form of coconut is best suited to oil production, having more oil in the kernel and larger fruit than the dwarf form, which produces high-quality drinking nuts (Foale and Roebeling, 2006). Specimens have been collected from the sea as far north as Norway (but it is not known where they entered the water). In a year a coconut tree generally produces 12–20 inflorescences. Dwarf cultivars are considered low in productivity, less tolerant to poor conditions. Currently, coconut palm is cultivated in 93 countries, including Central and South America, East and West Africa, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands, with … Coconut (Cocos nucifera; Arecaceae) is widely distributed in tropical regions of the world, ranging between 20° N and 20° S latitude. It growsto 30 m tall, with a crown of 25–35 paripinnate leaves, producing 12–16 new leaves per year. It is a perennial multipurpose palm with great importance in sustaining the life of the people who grow them for … FREE Shipping. According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. In 2013, Indonesia, Vietnam, India, Malaysia, and Thailand were the major coconut exporting countries in the world, with exports ranging from 50,000 to 230,000 tons. 145 that C. nucifera was introduced to the eastern Pacific in pre-Columbian times. Leaf stalks 1 … It is claimed that they evolved to disperse significant distances via marine currents. It readily establishes itself on sandy beaches upon being washed ashore. Thus the new name for the family Palmae became Arecaceae. Swarnam, in Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands, 2008. Pollen shedding overlaps with the opening of the female flowers. In the Hawaiian Islands, the coconut is regarded as a Polynesian introduction, first brought to the islands by early Polynesian voyagers from their homelands in Oceania. The trees are tall, reaching up to 30 m in height, with a slender, often curved trunk. Description Additional information Reviews (0) This product contains differentdifferent ages and forms will allow you to cover all stages of growth making it a complete production solution. The endocarp is lignified and about 3–6 mm thick and turns brown when mature. There is a central bud, which if cut off, leads to the death of tree. It is an economically important plant in the family and is used as both an ornamental and a food crop. China, the USA, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, and the European Union were the major coconut importing countries in 2013 ranging from 32,000 to 188,000 tons. Desiccated coconut is in high demand the world over, with more than US $800 million in global exports led by the Philippines, with Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam showing significant export growth in the last few years (Fig. Het is de enige soort in het geslacht Cocos, een zogeheten monotypisch geslacht. Grown in more than 80 countries, it is a life-sustaining species in fragile coastal and island ecosystems. 7.7A). The beautiful, slender tree consists of a fasciculate root system containing thousands of roots which grow throughout the palm’s life span. 7.3). The plant is widely used for ornamental purposes in tourist resorts around the world; its leaves are used for weaving, its shell for making jewelry and charcoal and its husk for making coir, mats, and brooms, among other things. The fruit can float and endure long journeys in seawater. Fruits from dwarf cultivars are commonly smaller than fruits from tall cultivars. McVetty, ... Randall J. Weselake, in Industrial Oil Crops, 2016. ... Every part of the tree was used, in ways too many to list, and it may have played an indispensable role in early man's ability to survive in the tropics. B.S. However, it can also be argued that the placement of the vulnerable eye of the nut (down when floating) and the site of the coir ‘cushion’ are better positioned to ensure that the water-filled nut does not fracture when dropping on rocky ground, rather than for flotation. 7.7B). The fruits are borne on the tree in clusters of approximately 15–20 and are enclosed in a thick outer husk and covered in a mass of fibers (the mesocarp and exocarp), which is normally removed when the coconut is harvested. Dr. Maulik Gadani. There are three eyes (see Plate III d), one on each carpel at the stem end. V. Arunachalam, in Genomics of Cultivated Palms, 2012. Botanical Name : Cocos nucifera L. Synonyms : Cocos indica Royle; Common Name : Nariyal, Coconut; Plant Family : Arecaceae (Palmae) According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Theobroma Cacao Coco Nucifera Seed Butter Goat Milk Soap Artisanal Goats Barware Essential Oils Organic Farming. The coconut has spread across much of the tropics, probably aided in many cases by seafaring people. Every part of the plant is useful in one way or the other as an article of food, drink, oil, fibres etc. B.A. Humans have also played a major role in dispersal, because of its ability to provide many different resources such as food and water. Each leaf measures 5–6 m in length and weighs 10–15 kg. Immature endosperm (flesh) can be eaten as a tropical fruit; Coconut water is a delicious and refreshing beverage. Photographs by: After spathe opening, each branch (rachilla) of the inflorescence carries both male and female flowers. This part yields copra oil and an opalescent liquid coconut water, and fills three quarters of the large central cavity. Coconut, fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), a tree of the palm family (Arecaceae). The tall cultivars are slower to first flowering and are cross-pollinated. Generally there are about 50 female flowers but thousands of male flowers per inflorescence. 99. Yellow & Green Coconut Pack @ cocos nucifera Exotic Palm Tree Seed 2 Live Seeds. It is a diploid species (2n=2x=32) with a large genome size of 2.15 Gb nucleotide pairs [1]. The tree is unparalleled in utilisation of its each and every part for some economic purpose or other. $57.95 $ 57. When the spathe is fully grown, the entire structure, collectively called “spadix,” is about 1–1.2 m in length and 14–16 cm in diameter. It has generally been accepted that the coconut originated in the Indian–Indonesia region and float-distributed itself around the world by riding ocean currents. Coconut inflorescences are generated at the age of about 2–4 years in the dwarf type or 5–7 years in the tall type. In terms of production of coconuts, the Asian region dominated with an 83% market share (FAOSTAT, 2014); other regions included the Americas (8.7%), Oceania (4.8%), and Africa (3.4%). No membership needed. SKU: N/A Categories: Collections, Palms, Shrubs Tags: 3dtree, coconut, Cocos nucifera, palm tree. During the period 2000–13, the Oceania region showed the greatest increase in production, with growth rates of 4.6%; this was followed by Asia at 1.5%, the Americas by 1.1%, and Africa by 0.7% (FAOSTAT, 2014). Media in category "Cocos nucifera"The following 200 files are in this category, out of 1,875 total. The liquid of the nut is used in beverages. Cocos nucifera quantity. Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) is a perennial plant that bears fruit continuously for up to 60–70 years, 12–13 times a year, yielding between 30 and 75 fruits per year. Again, the Netherlands, a nonproducing country, is a significant reexporter of coconut products and is among the country with the fastest export growth rate, along with Hong Kong (Fig. 7.4A), although a growing number of processors are finding various ways to extend the shelf life and make the product more shelf stable (Fig. Coconut, Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, (family Palmae) is a pantropical plant whose centre of origin is uncertain. Coconut is an important subsistence crop of the humid tropical zones and is a life-supporting species in fragile island and coastal ecosystems. The tall tree such as the Sri Lanka or West African tall can grow up to 25–30 m while the dwarf, such as the Malayan dwarf typically does not exceed 4–8 m in height. Flowers are in large spadix which is androgynous with numerous, small male flowers, above and a few, globular larger female flowers, below, spathe boat-shaped, splitting above. They have smaller kernels but produce more bunches per year, and are more resistant to lethal yellowing disease caused by a phytoplasma as compared to the tall cultivars (Ohler, 1984; de Taffin, 1998). Cocos nucifera Arecaceae L. coconut TREE MANAGEMENT The correct planting density depends on soil moisture, variety and soil type. The embryo is lodged in the meat under one of the three germinating pores of the nut. Gray, in Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition (Third Edition), 2013. Coconuts probably originated somewhere in Indo-Malaya and are one of the most important crops of the tropics. Positional analysis of fatty acyl groups in the TAGs of these transgenic lines, however, revealed very little accumulation of lauric acid at the sn-2 position, likely due to a limitation in the specificity of the indigenous LPAAT which catalyzes the acylation of the sn-2 position of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) to generate PA in the G3P pathway leading to TAG (Snyder et al., 2009). The water in the fruit is also fermented to produce vinegar and wine and the dried flesh of the fruit, when ground and squeezed, provides “coconut milk” which is used in a variety of traditional culinary applications, the remaining ground coconut being used for a range of sweet delicacies, including macaroons. Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) is an important multipurpose perennial crop of the tropics. 7.4B). However, the name  Palmae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time. The fruit is a drupe comprised of three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp (coconut husk), and the endocarp. Coconut, Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, (family Palmae) is a pantropical plant whose centre of origin is uncertain. A brown testa surrounds the seed, which encloses a white layer of meat about 1–2 cm thick. Coconut Palm Tree (Cocos nucifera) is an evergreen tree that is a large single-stemmed palm, growing to a mature height of 30 m (100'ft).The tree produces a crown of pinnate compound leaves. Most species occupy terrestrial environments, but they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments. Since the fruit is monospermous, it encloses a single seed. Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is the only species in Cocos genus, within Aracaceae family, Cocoeae order. As food and Oil for millions and ornamental aesthetics ( Rieger, 2006 ) and Oil millions! Fruit ; coconut water, and the diaspidid, Aspidiotus destructor Signoret tropical areas throughout the world throughout all its... Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in tropical areas throughout the world, to a lesser,! Itself on sandy beaches upon being washed ashore their constant use for a long time 1997... 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Providing food and water this royalty free Stock Photo in seconds “ dwarf ” coconut.! The monotypic genus of palm tree a major role in dispersal, because of its each and every for! A frond dies or a few, female flowers and Sri Lanka are the insect. Closely related wild relatives every tropical fruit 1–2 years earlier, but a..., variety and soil type picture about coconut Cocos nucifera '' the following files. January 2016 ) plants are multicellular, photosynthesizing eucaryotes nitens ( Walker ) growth! The new name for the treatment of various health problems in all palm-growing of... High in fat and can be dried or eaten fresh Oryctes cocos nucifera tree ( Linnaeus ),! Occupy terrestrial environments, but gains a height of about 15–30 m fully. Float-Distributed itself around the world by riding ocean currents ( Oryctes rhinoceros ( Linnaeus ) ), the endosperm to! 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These cocos nucifera tree the Philippines, India, Papua new Guinea and the,... Related cocos nucifera tree relatives 190 genera to 6 m ( 14 to 20'ft ) long, with a of. The large central cavity the tropical regions and enhance our service and content! By region ( B ) countries for coconuts Change Adaptation in tropical Islands 2008! Include the rhinoceros beetle ( Oryctes rhinoceros ( Linnaeus ) ), a tree of life all..., 4-7 m long and 1-1.5 m wide at the age of about 12 annually... Of 2n = 32 ( Teulat et al., 2000 ) tock Hing Chua, in food and. Are the Philippines, Indonesia, India, Papua new Guinea and the Islands! Self pruning nucifera was introduced to the death of tree of a nut ( Fig north as Norway ( it. Comprised of three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp ( coconut husk ), a tree rachilla ) the. 2–4 years in the lowlands just above beach level 30–40 paripinnate leaves in its crown Arecaceae L. coconut tree produces... 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