Title: Euonymus europaeus (Spindle Tree) - Fact Sheet Author: Deepdale Trees Ltd Subject: Euonymus europaeus is a twiggy upright spreading deciduous shrub native to Europe with narrowly ovate leaves which are dark green in summer turning yellow-green to reddish-purple in autumn. European Euonymus, Common Spindle Tree Celastraceae. Species within the spindle tree family are woody shrubs or woody vines, all which have brightly colored flesh (arils) around the seeds ranging from reds to oranges. Just pick them carefully from the tree and store them in paper or cotton bags or in buckets. In autumn the foliage turns a dramatic shade of red, complementing the orange-pink winged fruit, which remain on the tree long after the leaves have fallen. This is a spindly tangled shrub-tree with an irregular crown. This plant has some cultivated varieties. European spindle tree is highly adaptable to soils and light conditions, growing in either partial shade or full sun. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Euonymus europaeus . European spindle tree is very cold hardy and will grow in USDA zones four through seven. Site by Tamarack Media Cooperative. European Spindle tree European Spindle-tree. The easiest time to spot European spindle tree is after fruiting occurs, in the late summer and early fall. A species from South Europe and another from Japan are cultivated. a deciduous upright shrub; rounded form; 12' to 30' tall and nearly as wide; fast growth rate; medium texture; Summer Foliage. Weedy and Potentially Invasive: Do Not Plant. The European spindle tree (E. europaeus), which grows to 6 metres (20 feet), keeps its poisonous pink and orange fruits after the leaves fall. Possible disease problems include twig blight, anthracnose, crown gall, leaf spot and mildew. Euonymus europaeus, commonly called European spindletree, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native from Europe to western Asia. Ovate to oblong-lanceolate, crenate-serrate, glabrous, dull dark green leaves (to 3" long) turn variable shades of red to orange to purple in fall. native to Europe; hardy to zone 4; is invasive in the United States; Habit and Form. Foliage. Where is this species invasive in the US. The European spindle tree (E. europaeus), which grows to 6 metres (20 feet), keeps its poisonous pink and orange fruits after the leaves fall. Go to list of cultivars. This website was supported by an Innovations and Collaborations Grant from the Vermont Community Foundation. Tree Characteristics. The spindleâs botanical name, Euonymus, is from the Greek âeuâ, meaning âgoodâ and âonomaâ, meaning ânameâ. In the U. S., it has escaped cultivation and spread (sometimes invasively) by self-seeding, particularly in some areas of the Northeast. Spindle-tree is so-named because the very hard wood was formerly used to fashion spindles for spinning wool. Pinkish-red dehiscent capsules split open in fall to reveal tiny seeds, each of which is encased in a fleshy orange aril. Fruit of the European spindle. var. The fruit, which hangs onto the branches as the foliage drops, opens into fours sections, earning spindle trees the alternative names 'hearts-a-bustin' and 'strawberry bush'. One of the more better cultivars is âRed Cascadeâ. Euonymus europaeus commonly known as Spindle Tree is native to Europe and Western Asia. The Spindle (or Burning-bush) or Feorus is a sacred tree in Ireland and forms a letter in â¦ Flower buds are greenish and usually 4 â¦ Euonymus europaeus, commonly called European spindletree, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native from Europe to western Asia. EDDMapS Distribution: This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. EUROPEAN SPINDLE TREE, EUROPEAN EUONYMUS. Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names; EUEU4: Euonymus europaea L., orth. Woodland gardens. The wood is used for pegs and spindles, and several varieties of the spindle tree â¦ Leaves Oval, Green, Red or Purple or Bronze, Deciduous. European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) is a member of the spindle tree family (Celastraceae), which includes species that are also invasive to North America like burning bush (Euonymus alatus) and Asiatic bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus). It is found all over Europe in well-lit deciduous forests, and shrub growths along roads. Watch for aphids. Prefers alkaline soils. Flowers are followed by fruits which are extremely showy. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. The spindle tree, Euonymus europaeus, is a large native shrub, producing dense hard wood that traditionally was used for making spindles and other small implements. Height: 20 feet. Habitat. Mature plants tend towards a rounded branching habit. The strange fruits of the spindle tree should be collected during October when they are pink. These fruits appear on the European spindle tree in the late summer and early fall. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. In eastern Europe, gutta-percha resin is extracted from this plant. Tolerates close to full shade, but usually at the expense of diminished fall color quality. European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) is a member of the spindle tree family (Celastraceae), which includes species that are also invasive to North America like burning bush (Euonymus alatus) and Asiatic bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus). Spindle is not a particularly well known wood. It is commonly found in floodplains, forest edges, early successional habitat, and disturbed areas, is known to grow in zones 4-7, and has been reported in the Provinces of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and from the states of Maine to Wisconsin, down to Mississippi. This plant has been found to be weedy and potentially invasive and should not be planted in Midwestern gardens. However, in some areas, it was also thought that if the spindle flowered early, an outbreak of the plague was on the way. European spindle-tree Family: Celastraceae: tree. Although slender in youth, it typically matures to a rounded form. The tiny whitish-green flowers borne on long stalks and the white seeds surrounded by orange flesh distinguish European spindle-tree from other spindle-trees (Euonymus species). It grows, often rapidly, to 12-20' (less frequently to 30') tall. ---Parts Used---The variety of Spindle Tree (Euonymus atropurpureus), common in the eastern United States, is known there as Wahoo, Burning Bush, or Indian Arrowwood. Images of this species: Common look-alikes: Identification. Foundations, shrub borders, screen or hedge. Two types of spindle tree are used in landscaping -- European spindle and American spindle -- each of which has brilliant crimson foliage in fall and are simultaneously decked out with bizarre red and orange fruit. This XfrogPlants European Spindle-Tree 3D model collection contains three highly detailed, fully textured variations of the plant at different ages. To learn more about European spindle tree and how to identify it, check out: Watch list species highlight: European Spindle Tree (Euonymus europaeus), Vermont Department of Forests, Parks and Recreation. Spindle tree originates from Asia and Europe, and is thought to have been brought to North America for traditional use, where the hardwood was used to create spindles for wool. It is scarcely noticed before autumn, when the displays of its pretty fuchsia-pink seed-pods are conspicuous, accompanied by a delightful show of leaf color, the green leaves â¦ Spindle-tree is an European species of euonymus with attractive fall color and interesting seed capsules. Being a European native it prefers cooler regions so it does well throughout much of Canada and the upper US and grows throughout the UK. Euonymus europaeus, commonly called European spindletree, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native from Europe to western Asia. These fruits have been documented to persist well into winter. Expand. Paired oval leaves (2-10 cm) with pointed tips, margins with shallow rounded teeth, and 6-12mm leaf stalks usually turn red in autumn. Best ornamental features are its showy fall fruit and sometimes superb fall leaf color. It is moderately threatening to native communities. Plants often struggle in the southeastern U.S. south of USDA Zone 7. It bears red pods in the fall, which often attract the attention of children. Flowers are not very showy. The fall foliage is responsible for another of its alâ¦ Images of the European Spindletree (Euonymus europaeus), including photos of the leaf, flower, fruit, seed, petiole, bark, and tree. This is small but interesting and appears as a shrubs particularly on the chalk downs and locally on lime-rich soils. Cover image by Brian Leedy. Appearance. European spindle tree is on the watch list in Vermont, meaning the plant has invasive tendencies, but is not yet prohibited. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. This is a spindly tangled shrub-tree with an irregular crown. This plant is also considered an early detection invasive species in Vermont because there are scattered accounts of its spread in the state, but establishment is not thoroughly documented. buds : The leaves of Euonymus europaea are simple, opposite, unlobed and finely toothed. Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. branch. Specimen/accent. White seeds coated in orange flesh and pink capsules distinguish this plant from other Euonymus species. Has Deciduous foliage. This is said to have meant âluckyâ. It is called spindle in English, because the wood of the small tree is very hard and can be cut to a sharp point; it was used in the past for making wool spindles. Small, yellowish-green flowers (1/2" across) bloom in 3-5 flowered cymes from late April to June. It is often planted as a decorative plant in parks. The European spindle tree, Euonymus europaea, is a deciduous UK-native tree that is most identifiable by its clusters of white flowers that appear in early summer, transforming into vivid pink fruits with bright orange seeds by the autumn, also the time when the leaves turn a spectacular shade of crimson. This is the kind generally used in medicine. Birds are attracted to the fruit and tend to spread them freely to the point this plant has become weedy and invasive in some areas. : European spindletree EUEUA2: Euonymus europaeus L. f. atrorubens (C.K. Much-branched, deciduous shrub or small tree (<6m tall) with smooth, grey bark and young branches that are square, green and smooth. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Return to Land Gallery. Euonymus europaeus-10 â¦ leaf. Discover how to save and germinate the seeds of the spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus) in this four-step guide. bark. No serious insect or disease problems. This is an adaptable shrub that tolerates a wide range of soils except for wet, poorly-drained ones. Common Name: European spindletree Family Name: Celastraceae - Bittersweet family Native Range: Eurasia NJ Status: Emerging Stage 1 â Rare (may be locally common). Spindle (Euonymus europaeus) is a large, vigorous, deciduous shrub or small tree with oval leaves and distinctive, colorful fruits. Euonymus scale can be a significant problem and should be treated if it appears. In later years, it has become an ornamental landscaping plant. Leafsnap is an electronic field guide for tree and plant species in New York City and Washington, DC. Plants appreciate consistent and even moisture, particularly when grown in full sun locations. The undersides of the leaves are glabrous, unlike the similar E. atropurpureus, which has leaves with pubescent undersides. Best ornamental features are its showy fall fruit and sometimes superb fall leaf color. Seeds are attractive to certain birds who eat and distribute them. This deciduous shrub can grow in almost full shade, can tolerate a variety of soils (except wet, poorly drained soils), and reach heights over 20’. The leaves are oppositely arranged, simple, and oval in shape, with small serrations along the edge. Longevity 40 to 150 years. In the U. S., it has escaped cultivation and spread (sometimes invasively) by self-seeding, particularly in some areas of the Northeast. Spindletree wood was once used to make spindles.Genus name is an ancient Greek name referring to plants of this genus.Specific epithet means European. It is native to Europe but has been introduced worldwide for â¦ Their shape reminds of a cardinal's hat and that is the reason for the Dutch name. This is a shrub or a small tree with an irregular crown. fruit. Width: 15 feet. It â¦ By BBC Gardeners' World Magazine Wednesday, 24 April, 2019 at 1:43 pm November is the ideal time to save and germinate tree seeds â the fruits are starting to dry and seed pods are splitting open. In eastern Europe, gutta-percha resin is extracted from this plant. Euonymus europaeus is a l arge shrub or small tree that reaches 30 feet in height.
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